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Lending blooms with rising gold prices

In recent years, gold loans have emerged as a formidable financial instrument, capturing the attention of borrowers seeking quick, collateral-backed loans and investors navigating economic uncertainties. With the financial market continually evolving, the prominence of gold loans has surged, revealing newer opportunities for both borrowers and lenders. The growth is fuelled by various factors, including the surge in demand for short-term liquidity, the flexibility and accessibility of gold loans, and the competitive interest rates offered, making gold loans an attractive financing option. A simple example illustrates the power of gold loans. Every Indian has gold, whether it is a rural microfinance investor or a wealthy person. If one has about 20 grams of gold, then considering 75% as LTV, one can get a loan of at least Rs80,000 within 2 hours, and without having to furnish any past loan repayment record.

Why The Popularity

The allure of gold loans lies in their accessibility and swiftness. Leveraging gold as collateral provides borrowers with rapid access to funds, often without stringent credit checks. This feature appeals to a wide spectrum of individuals, from small business owners seeking immediate capital infusion to individuals requiring emergency funds without protracted paperwork.

The Big Players

The 2 big players in this market are banks and NBFCs. According to reports in Forbes and Business Today, NBFCs have sustained their stronghold in the gold loan market despite escalating competition from banks. This resilient market share underscores the confidence of borrowers in the efficiency and reliability of NBFCs in disbursing gold loans.

So, what gives NBFCs the edge? Their flexibility in loan tenure and competitive interest rates offered by NBFCs have been pivotal in sustaining their dominance. The adaptability of repayment schedules allows borrowers to tailor the loan terms to their financial capabilities, further enhancing the attractiveness of gold loans.

Key players in the gold loan sector, notably NBFCs like Muthoot Finance, Manappuram Finance, and others, have significantly contributed to expanding the reach and availability of gold loans across diverse demographics. Their widespread network of branches coupled with streamlined loan processes has amplified customer accessibility and convenience.

Market data analysis highlight the remarkable leadership maintained by NBFCs in the gold loan market. These companies have demonstrated resilience and adaptability amidst intensifying competition, leveraging technology and customer-centric approaches to consolidate their market presence, as reported in several news channels.

Gold Price Dynamics

One notable trend reshaping the gold loan dynamics is the correlation between surging gold prices and the loan-to-value ratio. Analysis has revealed that the surge in gold prices has led to lenders offering higher loan amounts against the same quantity of gold. This dynamic shift has potentially attracted more borrowers looking to capitalize on the increased value of their gold assets.

BankBazaar CEO Adhil Shetty has pointed out that the margin for the gold loan is calculated in such a way that a small correction in gold prices does not have an impact. But if the correction is large, and the revised LTV ratio changes substantially, then the borrower may need to provide additional security to the lender.

Augmont Gold Director Sachin Kothari is of the opinion that lenders may be inclined to provide larger loan-to-value (LTV) ratios when prices are rising, since the collateral is growing in value. SahiBandhu CEO Rajesh Shet adds that the factors affecting the rates of gold loans are quite different from those at play in the case of other loans such as the purity of gold, the rate of gold at the time of getting the loan.

Evolution, Economic Impact, & Future Prospects

Gold loans have evolved from being a traditional form of borrowing prevalent in rural areas to gaining widespread acceptance across urban and semi-urban regions. The evolution is attributed to the ease of availing loans against gold assets and the inclination of lenders to provide hassle-free credit options.

Kotak Mahindra Bank has shared that people from every segment come to the bank for gold loans. It is not that only the bottom of the pyramid seeks such loans. The asset is being utilised due to better financial awareness.

The impact of gold loans on the economy is multifaceted. They serve as a vital financial tool, especially for individuals lacking access to formal credit channels. Additionally, these loans inject liquidity into the economy, aiding small businesses and households in meeting short-term financial obligations.

Looking ahead, experts foresee a promising future for gold loans, buoyed by their intrinsic value and adaptability to varying market conditions. The continued expansion of NBFCs’ market presence, coupled with evolving customer preferences, is expected to drive innovation in loan products and processes, further enhancing the sector’s growth.


Gold loans have emerged as a pragmatic financial solution, catering to the diverse borrowing needs of individuals and businesses. The steadfast dominance of NBFCs, the evolving trends in loan-to-value ratios, and the symbiotic relationship between gold prices and loan dynamics underscore the resilience and potential of this market. As economy expands, so will the demand for credit. For many tiny and small enterprises, that need credit at affordable rates, unsecured loans are too expensive. For them, gold is not just a precious metal, it is a precious gateway to affordable and inexpensive credit. For the lenders too, it is a golden opportunity (pun intended).

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